Building inspections are aimed at increasing the safety of their use. Their course is precisely described in the provisions of the Construction Law, which are amended every few years. Currently, the responsibility for carrying out the inspections rests with the property manager of a given property. It is to ensure that the building is not only safe, but also aesthetic and environmentally friendly. Who can carry out periodic reviews? We will answer this question in today's post.
Persons authorized to carry out the review
Periodic construction inspections may only be carried out by persons who have construction qualifications in the relevant specialization, confirmed in the decision on granting building qualifications or confirming the possession of professional preparation to perform independent technical functions. Depending on the subject of the inspection, it may be a person who is authorized to design or manage construction works in the specialty of construction and Building inspections ,authorizations to design or manage construction works in the installation specialty in the field of heating, ventilation, gas, water and sewage networks, installations and devices,
construction qualifications to design or manage construction works in the field of installation in the field of electrical power grids, installations and devices without restrictions depending on the scope of the permissions held.
When it comes to periodic Building inspections of chimney flues , these can be performed by people who have the qualifications of a master in the chimney craft (smoke ducts and gravity exhaust and ventilation ducts), or who have building qualifications in the appropriate specialty (ducts referred to above, as well as industrial chimneys, chimneys free-standing and chimneys or chimney ducts in which the chimney draft is forced by the operation of mechanical devices). In case of doubts as to the scope of the rights of a given person, one should report to the appropriate chamber of professional self-government.
The Building inspections owner or manager is obliged to carry out the construction inspection. The purpose of the inspection is to check the technical condition of the building and its installations . For several years, the inspection obligation has been extended to issues related to the impact of weather conditions on various parts of the building, which may also affect the safety of staying in it.
Functions of building inspections
The main function of these inspections is to ensure the safety of both residents and the buildings and property adjacent to the building. The property manager is also responsible for compliance with environmental protection requirements and for the aesthetics of the building. Therefore, the facades and external walls are also subjected to detailed Building inspections, taking into account protruding elements such as cornices, balconies and loggias.
How is the building inspection performed?
When ordering an inspection, the manager should entrust the detailed inspection of individual parts of the building to entities with building qualifications and those related to the coordination of construction works . The following elements of the building are subject to inspection: ventilation and chimney ducts, gas installations, installations for environmental protection, sewage pipes, fire protection and structural elements of the building. If any irregularities related to the technical condition of the building are detected, the manager must perform all necessary repairs to remove the defect.
Preparation of technical documentation for the building
The person commissioning the inspection to other entities must also take care of the complete technical documentation of the building. It must contain protocols from the inspection of the facility, technical condition assessment, technical documents for construction works and design studies. Construction inspections should take place at least once a year. Larger intervals concern the inspection of lightning rods and electrical installations, the legislator requires that they be inspected once every 5 years.
Each manager and owner of a multi-family building or single-family house is obliged to carry out regular technical inspections of the building. This obligation results from the need to care for the condition of the building, which should not endanger its residents and users. We check what documents regulate issues related to the performance of technical inspections of buildings. This is a big hint as to where to look for information.
Construction law - the most important document regulating the issue of inspections
The construction law is the main document that imposes obligations on owners and managers of construction facilities. They mainly consist in the need to maintain the building in a proper technical and aesthetic condition. The fulfillment of these obligations is aimed at preventing the deterioration of the condition of the facility - for this purpose, the technical efficiency, safety of the structure, fire operation and adequate insulation are taken care of.
In order to control the usability of such an object on an ongoing basis, construction inspections are carried out, the scope and course of which are also standardized by the provisions of the construction law. This is where you should look first, before we commission building inspections .
The scope of technical construction inspections
Building inspections must be performed by specialists from the construction industry who, in addition to having specialist knowledge and experience, also have the appropriate qualifications. During the inspection, they primarily examine the technical aspects of building use - this applies primarily to the inspection of the structure, as well as all installations in the building.